“The Handbook Of Solitude”

“The Handbook Of Solitude Psychological Perspectives on Social Isolation, Social Withdrawal, and Being Alone” Edited by Robert J. Coplan and Julie C. Bowker [Wiley Blackwell, 2014]
“The experience of solitude is a ubiquitous phenomenon. Historically, solitude has been considered both a boon and a curse, with artists, poets, musicians, and philosophers both lauding and lamenting being alone. Over the course of the lifespan, humans experience solitude for many different reasons and subjectively respond to solitude with a wide range of reactions and consequences. Some people may retreat to solitude as a respite from the stresses of life, for quiet contemplation, to foster creative impulses, or to commune with nature. Others may suffer the pain and loneliness of social isolation, withdrawing or being forcefully excluded from social interactions. Indeed, we all have and will experience different types of solitude in our lives. The complex relationship we have with solitude and its multifaceted nature is reflected in our everyday language and culture. We can be alone in a crowd, alone with nature, or alone with our thoughts. Solitude can be differentially characterized along the full range of a continuum from a form of punishment (e.g., time-outs for children, solitary confinement for prisoners) to a less than ideal context (e.g., no man is an island, one is the loneliest number, misery loves company), all the way to a desirable state (e.g., taking time for oneself, needing your space or alone time). In this Handbook, we explore the many different faces of solitude, from perspectives inside and outside of psychology….
solitude (2)
The study of solitude cuts across virtually all psychology subdisciplines and has been explored from multiple and diverse theoretical perspectives across the lifespan. Accordingly, it is not surprising that there remains competing hypotheses regarding the nature of solitude and its implications for well-being. Indeed, from our view, these fundamentally opposed differential characterizations of solitude represent the most pervasive theme in the historical study of solitude as a psychological construct. In essence, this ongoing debate about the nature of solitude can be distilled down to an analysis of its costs versus benefits.”
Table of Contents
Foreword: On Solitude, Withdrawal, and Social Isolation xii
Kenneth H. Rubin
Part I Theoretical Perspectives 1
1 All Alone: Multiple Perspectives on the Study of Solitude 3
Robert J. Coplan and Julie C. Bowker
2 Studying Withdrawal and Isolation in the Peer Group: Historical Advances in Concepts and Measures 14
William M. Bukowski and Marie-Hélène Véronneau
3 An Attachment Perspective on Loneliness 34
Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver
4 Shyness and the Electrical Activity of the Brain: On the Interplay between Theory and Method 51
Louis A. Schmidt and Vladimir Miskovic
5 The Origins of Solitude: Psychoanalytic Perspectives 71
Evangelia Galanaki
6 Experiences of Solitude: Issues of Assessment, Theory, and Culture 90
James R. Averill and Louise Sundararajan
Part II Solitude Across the Lifespan 109
7 The Causes and Consequences of “Playing Alone” in Childhood 111
Robert J. Coplan and Laura Ooi
8 Peer Rejection in Childhood: Social Groups, Rejection Sensitivity, and Solitude 129
Drew Nesdale and Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
9 Affinity for Aloneness in Adolescence and Preference for Solitude in Childhood: Linking Two Research Traditions 150
Luc Goossens
10 Social Withdrawal during Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood 167
Julie C. Bowker, Larry J. Nelson, Andrea Markovic, and Stephanie Luster
11 Introversion, Solitude, and Subjective Well-Being 184
John M. Zelenski, Karin Sobocko, and Deanna C. Whelan
12 Social Approach and Avoidance Motivations 202
Jana Nikitin and Simone Schoch
13 Ostracism and Solitude 224
Eric D. Wesselmann, Kipling D. Williams, Dongning Ren, and Andrew H. Hales
14 Social Isolation among Older People 242
Elaine Wethington and Karl Pillemer
Part III Solitude Across Contexts 261
15 Anxious Solitude at School 263
Heidi Gazelle and Madelynn Druhen Shell
16 Loneliness and Belongingness in the College Years 283
Steven R. Asher and Molly Stroud Weeks
17 Single in a Society Preoccupied with Couples 302
Bella DePaulo
18 Loneliness and Internet Use 317
Yair Amichai-Hamburger and Barry H. Schneider
19 Mindfulness Meditation: Seeking Solitude in Community 335
Paul Salmon and Susan Matarese
20 The Restorative Qualities of Being Alone with Nature 351
Kalevi Korpela and Henk Staats
Part IV Clinical Perspectives 369
21 Social Anhedonia and Solitude 371
Thomas R. Kwapil, Paul J. Silvia, and Neus Barrantes-Vidal
22 Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotional Solitude 391
Lynn E. Alden and Karen W. Auyeung
23 Loneliness and Social Isolation in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders 409
Connie Kasari and Lindsey Sterling
24 Solitude and Personality Disorders 427
Kevin B. Meehan, Kenneth N. Levy, Christina M. Temes, and Jonathan J. Detrixhe
25 The Intersection of Culture and Solitude: The Hikikomori Phenomenon in Japan 445
Alan R. Teo, Kyle W. Stufflebam, and Takahiro A. Kato
Part V Disciplinary Perspectives 461
26 A View from Biology: Playing Alone and with Others: A Lesson from Animals 463
Elisabetta Palagi
27 A View from Anthropology: Anomie and Urban Solitude 483
Leo Coleman
28 A View from Sociology: The Role of Solitude in Transcending Social Crises – New Possibilities for Existential Sociology 499
Jack Fong
29 A View from Computer Science: From Solitude to Ambient Sociability – Redefining the Social and Psychological Aspects of Isolation in Online Games 517
Nicolas Ducheneaut and Nicholas Yee
30 A View from Political Theory: Desire, Subjectivity, and Pseudo-Solitude 539
Matthew H. Bowker
31 A View from Religious Studies: Solitude and Spirituality 557
John D. Barbour


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